Fell Running Introduction by Andy Buck

Humans have always been runners.  And for thousands of years before we had tarmac, we ran over the countryside, and even the odd hill.  Fell running takes us back to these roots, and is perhaps the purest of all the running disciplines.

Put simply, fell running is running up, over, around and down hills and fells.  It’s nearly all off road.  It’s a step up from its near cousin trail running.  It’s psychologically different to road running – no mile markers, no metronomic pace, more a sense of self and the land.  It’s great fun, pretty informal and very friendly.  And it’s something we can all do.

So, how do you become a fell runner?  Well, all you need for the most straightforward races is the same kit you’d use on the road.  This said, a pair of fell shoes is best.  Fell shoes are lower cut, snug fitting and light, and have a studded sole.  For most races fell shoes are a must, and full kit is normally required.  More on this later.  Apart from this, you just need to turn up, many races are enter on the day and are pretty cheap – £5 or so. And off you go, along with a few hundred others.  Simple really!

There will be some hills to ascend, and then descend, along with some wet, muddy ground.  Much if not all of the route will be on paths.  Most races are marshalled, who along with occasional flags and tape mean that the route is easy to follow.  For some, though, map and compass skills are essential.  Some races are more “technical” – the terrain is more rocky, the descents more tricky and so on.  Some have the occasional stream or river to cross.  You don’t have to be able to run up hills!  Even the top fell runners will be seen walking (very fast of course!) up the steepest sections.

Like all running, fell running carries the risk of injury.  A twisted ankle, the occasional stumble or fall and such like are possible.  But serious injury is rare.  Perhaps more importantly, the stresses and strains of running on tarmac are not present.  Bearing this in mind, fell runners are no more likely to get injured than road runners.  Of course, the classic races in the high fells and mountains carry all the risks that come with mountain travel – good preparation, the right kit and navigation skills become critical.  Very occasionally there is a serious incident – but no more so than befalls mountain walkers and climbers.

So, how to choose your first fell races?  We are really lucky – there is a huge number of races to choose from within striking distance of Sheffield.  To help you choose, we’ve produced a list of all the local races, and have added in a few favourites that are further afield but well worth the journey.  As well as including the distance and ascent, and Fell Runners Association (FRA) class, we’ve graded each race in two ways: difficulty (from 1 for straightforward races, to 5 for the most challenging); and excitement (0, 1, 2 and 3 stars, with the latter reserved for the classic “do before you die” races).  We’ve given one race – Jura – 4 stars: merely getting to the start is a memorable journey.  All the details of every race are on the FRA website.

We have our very own race – the Salt Cellar held in early August and attracting a growing field.  And for the past few years we have fielded women’s and men’s teams in the British Fell and Hill Relay championships, held in October, which have been great days out.

We enjoy fell running so much we also have our own club Fell Running Championship where points are scored over 10 designated races through the calendar year.

If you get the fell running bug, then joining the FRA is a pretty good idea.  For fell running addicts, the arrival of the FRA calendar, which lists virtually every race and which arrives through the post just before Christmas each year, is a key moment.  Out comes the diary, the highlighter pen, and planning for the year ahead is underway!  And then three times a year, the FRA magazine arrives, over 100 full colour pages of news, race reports, advice and so on. All this for the £16 annual fee – fantastic value.

As you progress, new challenges open up.  As well as the long distance classics, “mountain marathons” are attracting an ever growing number of runners.  Mini-mountain-marathons are typically three or four hour orienteering events.  Competitors are required to navigate to as many control points as they can in the time available.  The controls have varying points values, and the winner is the competitor who garners the most points in the time available.  Points are lost for over running the time limit.  There are several MMMs in the Peak District.

Full mountain marathons are two day events, with numerous races of varying distance.  Most MMs also have walking classes.  Participants have to carry overnight kit: tent, sleeping bag, stove, food etc.  These are really great tests of mountaincraft and stamina.  Navigation skills are essential!  The classic event is the OMM – the Original Mountain Marathon, held on the last weekend in October when some interesting weather is likely.  We’ve had more Striders entering these, with the Saunder Lakeland MM popular in early July.

If you get really keen, other possibilities include ultra events and the classic “mountain rounds”.  The High Peak Marathon is a 67km race with 1645m ascent run every February or March.  It starts at 11pm!  The most prestigious of the rounds is the Bob Graham – 66 miles over 42 summits in the Lake District, which must be completed in 24 hours.  Winter rounds are not unknown.  Unsupported, solo winter rounds are exceptional.

Now for some more technical stuff.  The Fell Runners Association is the official body for fell running.  It classifies races, and also has a set of race rules.  Most fell races are registered with the FRA.  Races are classed by their length, and by the amount of ascent per kilometre:


20km or over 10 – 19 km 9km or less
Over 50 metres climb per kmNo more than 20% roadAt least 1.5 km AL AM AS
25 – 50 metres climb per kmNo more than 30% road BL BM BS
At least 20 metres climb per kmNo more than 40% roadMust include some fells! CL CM CS


The most important part of the FRA’s rules, which is rigorously enforced, is about kit.  For all but the simplest races, runners are required to carry the following kit:

Full waterproofs (top, with hood, and trousers, with taped seams); warm long sleeved top; hat and gloves; map, compass and whistle; and emergency food.  Some require a drink to be carried.  Some also require a bivvy bag.  So, a bum bag or small close flitting back pack is needed.

There are three reasons for complying with these requirements.  First, it is just plain sensible.  Second, runners breaching the rules will be banned by the FRA.  Third, not complying is cheating.

The classic fell shoe is the Walsh.  More recently, the choice has grown considerably: Inov8, Salomon and Mizuno are popular.  For waterproofs, OMM, Inov8 and Montane are good choices.  And for bumbags and pack packs, try Terra Nova, OMM and Inov8.  A recent innovation are back pack vests – very close fitting with good storage features for food, drinks, map and compass.

In Striders we have many fell runners, including some who are very experienced.  We are keen to introduce as many members as possible to this great branch of our sport.  So, we’ve set up buddying scheme.  We will match Striders who want to give fell running a go with a more experienced fell runner, who’ll help you with kit, choosing races and so on.  When it comes to races, running in pairs can be a good way to start.  And you really don’t need to worry about being at the back of the field.  Fell runners look after each other, and are as welcoming of slower runners as they are of the very fastest.

Our list of recommended races
Distance (km) Ascent (m) FRA class Difficulty Excitement
Stoney Middleton 8.5 200 CS 1
Tigers Todger 9.6 259 BS 1
Great Longstone 7.7 290 BS 1
Bradwell 6 230 BS 1
Leg it Round Lathkil 11.5 290 BM 1
Peat Pits Wood 8 225 BS 1
Peak Forest 9.7 198 CS 1
Grindleford 7.2 152 BS 2 *
Hope Wakes 9.5 451 BS 2 **
Hathersage Gala 7.2 325 BS 2 *
Bamford sheepdog trials 7.2 305 BS 2 **
Bamford Carnival 7.25 305 BS 2 **
Castleton 10.8 458 BM 2 **
Stanage Struggle 9.9 355 BS 2 *
Blackamoor 10 440 BS 2 *
Totley Moor 8.3 440 AS 2 *
Curbar Commotion 14 403 BM 2 *
Bakewell Pudding 10.4 200 CM 2 *
Wolfs Pit 9 450 AS 2 *
Calver Peak 8 275 BS 2 *
Great  Hucklow 9.8 340 BM 2
Barrel Inn 10.4 460 BM 2
Edale 7.6 402 AS 3 **
Burbage Skyline 9.3 366 BS 3 **
Longshaw sheepdog trials 9.7 305 BS 3 *
Passing Clouds 15.7 565 BM 3 **
Totley Exterminator 25.7 1290 AL 3 *
Kinder Downfall 15.4 600 BM 3 ***
Lads Leap 9.5 518 AS 3 *
Crowden Horseshoe 12.9 518 BM 3 **
Tigger Tor 15.3 514 BM 3 *
Salt Cellar 10.9 486 BM 3 **
Cloud Nine 14.5 381 BM 3 *
Bradwell half tour 25 970 BL 3 *
Bradwell full tour 52.7 2200 BL 4 **
Kinder Trog 25.7 1064 BL 4 **
Mickleden Straddle 23 741 BL 4 **
Roaches 24.1 1128 BL 4 **
Nine Edges 32.8 893 BL 4 **
Grindleford Gallop 33.6 913 Not FRA 4 **
Grin and Bear It 25.6 591 CL 4 *
Edale Skyline 34 1373 AL 5 ***
Holme Moss 25.5 1285 AL 5 **
Trigger 32 1650 BL 5 ***
Further away – but well worth the journey!
Three Peaks 37.4 1608 AL 5 ***
Borrowdale 27 2000 AL 5 ***
Ennerdale 36.8 2290 AL 5 ***
Wasdale 34 2750 AL 5 ***
Welsh 1000m 32 2500 AL 5 ***
Tour of Pendle 27 1473 AL 5 ***
Even further away – and possibly the best!
Jura 23 2370 AL 5 ****